Kindergarten CVRČAK Virovitica organized the second part of the activity "Professional education for educators” within the project 4E4K. Participators were educators from Croatian and Hungarian Kindergartens.
Education was maintained by prof. Edita Slunjski, it lasted for two days within which the main themes related to the methodology of work and access to education and the organization of working days within a group in kindergartens. Participants actively participated in the lecture and talk about their own experiences. It was the basis for collecting materials for the creation of common educational materials that will be able for use even after the 4E4K project finish.
First day, 23rd February, a special emphasis was placed on the enneagram approach to understanding the different personalities of the educators. It is necessary to make everyone aware of the positive and negative characteristics of the dominant type of person he belongs to in order to better match his pedagogical effect. This requires a lot of work on ourselves, but it is necessary if we want to improve our own practice well. Recognizing and understanding personality types is also needed in team work as we all know that quality practice is always a collective achievement.
The second day of education began with the interpretation of Glasser's theory of choice, which states that our behavior is the choice we make when choosing a way to satisfy one of our basic needs - love, power, fun and freedom. The importance of recognizing and responding to child needs has been emphasized. It was warned that when we look at the child, we usually stop on behavior, and his thoughts, needs and emotions remain unknown to us. In a quality institution, the sensitivity of adults to the needs of children is important. A child to the age of 6 is in an extremely sensitive period, and bad experiences can make the child very "injured" for later periods. Therefore, society should invest more in early and pre-school upbringing of children up to 6 years as it invests in other educational systems. A baby from the earliest years in kindergarten to school spend in kindergarten even 14 000 hours!
In the afternoon, prof. Edita Slunjski spoke about how to learn children. She emphasized the difference between the transfer of information (memorization, memorizing learning) and the importance of developing the metacognitive abilities of children - children need to learn how to think on their own. Often a child remembers the knowledge he does not understand. The primary task of the educator is to understand what the children understand, ie to understand the way children understands a problem. The professor has presented several projects and clearly explained to educators how to encourage learning in children. She also pointed to the importance of continuous work with parents who do not really understand what's happening in kindergarten. It is necessary for parents to continually realize that instead of classical events, memorable learning, forcing to learn symbols and numbers, etc., it is much more important to help the child to be self-confident, to develop different kinds of intelligence, to have good social relationships, to be creative, tolerant, to love learning.
At the end, discussions were held about educational practices in kindergartens in Virovitica and Pecs, and on direction of further development. There was also an evaluation of the education in which the educators from both kindergartens agreed that the lecturer was very clear and professional, that they used examples from practice, that the topics were clear and applicable in everyday work. Also, they said that the education was beyond their expectations.
The participants of the training especially thanked the prof. Edita Slunjski on a simple approach and presented extremely complex topics and they invited her to come again.